• Nirav Patel

Corona virus: what is the difference between lockdown and curfew. | Buyyandread

Updated: May 19, 2020

A lockdown has been carried out in 30 states and union territories of India in view of the threat of Corona virus. Lockdown has been ordered in 8,548 districts of these states. At the same time, curfew has been imposed in Punjab and Maharashtra even after lockdown. Earlier, people were ordered to follow strict rules under lockdown in Delhi. The government says social distance will be helped by lockdowns and curfews. People will stay in their homes and the virus will be prevented from spreading. However, during the lockdown, it was seen that many people came out and were seen roaming the streets. After this, a curfew was imposed. What happens in a lockdown

This act is used during a rare problem. When the central or state government feels that a crisis or disease has hit a country or a state and it reaches all the citizens, both the country and the state can enforce this law. Section 2 of the Act gives certain powers to the State Government. Under this, the central and state governments can make temporary rules for the prevention of the disease. Governments can make rules that can be effective in preventing disease. Lockdown has been ordered in all the states under this rule. Former Uttar Pradesh DGP Vikram Singh told us about the lockdown: - Lockdown is an administrative order. It is officially enforced in a catastrophic situation. He invites and urges people to stay at home. All services are closed except required. Offices, shops, factories and transportation facilities are all closed. Employees are asked to work from home where possible. - Punishment does not have to be in lockdown. In a way, lockdown can be considered as a non-penalty provisional curfew. If people get out, the police can just explain to them and send them back. They cannot be jailed or fined. However, the government can also be strict in carrying out lockdowns. The Uttar Pradesh administration has said that under the lockdown, anyone found coming out could face a six-month sentence or fine. On the legal aspects, curfew is an established process and the administration has experience in enforcing it. But, lockdown is a new experiment, so in practice some new things are coming up. The lockdown currently includes essential services such as police, fire fighting, medical, paramedical, media, delivery, petrol pump, airport, railway station, bus terminal, bus stand, security services, postal services, telecommunications and internet services, banks, ATMs. Is required. Services such as water, electricity, municipal, groceries and milk have been exempted from lockouts. People and the vehicles attached to them can go outside. However, Indian Railways has suspended its services till March 25.

What is a curfew?

- A curfew has been imposed under Section 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CRPC). The District Magistrate issues a notification to enforce this section. Wherever this stream is placed four or more people cannot gather there. If this system is applied across the state, then four or more people will not be able to gather in the entire state. - This law is often used to prevent law and order from deteriorating during protests and riots. Recently, Article 144 was also applied in many places to control the situation during demonstrations and riots against the CAA. - Curfew is waived for essential services like police, fire, medical, paramedical, airport, railway station, bus terminal, bus stand, water, electricity, groceries and milk. People associated with them may be on leave for work purposes. - However, passes are issued for essential services during the curfew. Issues appointed officers near curfew. If you don't have one, you could be sentenced to go out. - If a person violates section 144, he may be sentenced to four months imprisonment or fine or both under section 188. Apart from this you cannot drive vehicles for unnecessary work. Why curfew is needed In the early stages, lockdowns were carried out in many states and districts. However, curfew was also imposed in Maharashtra and Punjab after this. Regarding the need for curfew, former DGP Wickremesinghe said, "What happened during the lockdown was that people did not take the government's appeal to stay at home seriously. People meet each other. Important stuff was crowded in shops. Some people were trying to return to their state when the administration imposed a curfew Because people wouldn't agree without strictness. I think curfew was an option in an emergency. " Vikram Singh also says that it is also important to see that some contingencies are taken into account in the curfew. If a curfew comes suddenly, then those who are coming from somewhere and on their way should reach their home. Rules for medical facilities should be relaxed. Curfew passes for ambulances should not be overburdened. However these things are always taken care of during curfew. Curfews are practically more relevant and important to keep people indoors in a situation like an infection. However, the police force also faces many challenges during the curfew. According to the former DGP, curfew can be imposed across the state, but the practical problem with this is that it is a bit difficult to keep a police eye on small streets. People are persuaded and patrolled here but it is a challenging task. Still the police force tries not to break the law. Curfew is levied under Section 144 of the Curfew RPC. Gathering five or more people is prohibited. This is an administrative order. Where there is a police commissioner it can be done by them, where there is a district officer, otherwise they can be done at the level of governance.

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